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Important Dates of Indian History

B. C.
3000-2500Indus Valley Civilization

Birth of Gautam Buddha; Nirvana (483 B.C.)

599Birth of Mahavir; Nirvana (527 B.C.)

Alexander’s invasion of India. It opened the land route between India and Europe

Ashoka’s Reign

Battle of Kalinga, Ashoka renounced war and violence

Beginning of Vikram Era (Calender)

Beginning of Saka Era; Accession of Kanishka

Beginning of Gupta dynasty

Visit of Fahien (Chinese Traveller) to India

Harsh Vardhan’s Reign

629-645Hieun Tsang’s travel in India.

Arab Invasion of Sind (by Mohd-bin-Qasim)

1001-1026Sultan Mahmud Ghazni’s attacks on India

1025-26Som Nath Temple sacked by Mahmud Ghazni

1191First Battle of Tarain, Mohammed Gori was defeated by Prithvi Raj, the Chauhan king of Delhi

1192Second Battle of Tarain, Mohammed Gori defeated Prithvi Raj Chauhan

1336Vijayanagar Empire founded in South India

Bahmani Kingdom founded in South India

Invasion of India by Taimur Lang; Delhi sacked

1469Birth of Guru Nanak, founder of Sikhism

1498Vasco-de-Gama discovered the sea-route to India via the Cape of Good Hope, arrived at Calicut

1526Babur’s invasion; First Battle of Panipat; foundation of Mughal Rule in North India

1556Second Battle of Panipat; Death of Humayun, Accession of Akbar to the throne

1564-65Battle of Talikota; abolition of Jazia

1576Battle of Haldighati

1600East India Company established in India

Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir

1627Birth of Shivaji

1680Death of Shivaji

1707Death of Aurangzeb; Death of Guru Govind Singh; fall of the Mughal Empire begins

1739Nadir Shah invaded India; The Peacock Throne taken away by him to Iran

Battle of Plassey

Battle of Wandiawash; End of French power in India

Third Battle of Panipat

1764Battle of Buxar

1793Permanent Settlement in Bengal

Fourth Mysore War; Death of Tipu Sultan; Partition of Mysore; Ranjit Singh occupied Lahore and made it capital

1818The fourth and the last Anglo Marthatta War

Death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Introduction of English as medium of instruction

The First Indian Railway line opened from Bombay to Thane; The first telegraph communication

1856(23rd July), Birth of Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(10th May), First War of Indian Independence

1858End of East India Company’s Rule; Queen Victoria’s Proclamation

Birth of Rabindranath Tagore

1869(2nd Oct.) Birth of Mahatma Gandhi

1885(28th Dec.) Indian National Congress founded by A. O. Hume : First session of Congress in Bombay in 1885 presided by W.C. Bannerji

1889(14th Nov.) Birth of Jawahar Lal Nehru

First Partition of Bengal

Formation of the All India Muslim League

1909Indian Councils Act or Morley Minto Reforms Bill passed

Partition of Bengal revoked; Delhi made capital of British India

1914(28th July) World War I started

1918(11th Nov.) End of World War I

1919Montague Chelmsford Reforms; Tragedy of Jaliyan Wala Bagh at Amritsar (13th April)

Visit of Simon Commission; its boycott by the Congress; Death of Lala Lajpat Rai

Congress resolution passed for complete independence at Lahore Session under the presidentship of Jawahar Lal Nehru 1935 Government of India Act 1935 passed

Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy

1941Subash Chandra Bose escapes from India, Death of Rabindra Nath Tagore

Quit India Resolution by Indian National Congress (8th Aug.)

1945Simla Conference and the failure of the Wavell Plan : I.N.A. Trials at Red Fort, Delhi

1947(15th Aug.) India achieves independence; Partition of India; Asian Relations Conference (23rd March)

1948Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (30th Jan.)

1950India becomes a Sovereign Democratic Republic (26th Jan.), Death of Sardar Patel (15th Dec.)

Mt. Everest conquered by Sherpa Tenzing and E.P. Hillary on May 29.

Liberation of Goa

1962Chinese attack on India (Oct. 20)

1965Indo-Pak War

Tashkent Pact between India and Pakistan

1969Death of President Zakir Hussain on May 3; V. V. Giri elected President of India; Split in the Indian National Congress.

1971Indo-Soviet Treaty signed on 9th Aug; 2nd Indo-Pak War (Dec. 3-17); defeat of Pakistan, liberation of Bangla Desh.

1972Reorganisation of the North-Eastern region—Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura became full-fledged States and new Union Territories Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram came into being (Jan. 20, 21); Indo Bangla Desh Treaty; Indo-Pak Simla Agreement on 3rd July.

1974India’s nuclear blast; the historic Constitution (Amendment) Bill passed making Sikkim as an associate State of India (Sept. 4); India and Portugal restore diplomatic relations.

1975Sikkim votes for full-fledged statehood with Indian Union (April 15); Dr. S. Radhakrishnan passes away (April 17); India’s entry into Space age by launching ‘Aryabhatta’ (April 19th); President gives assent to the Constitution (36th Amendment) Bill making Sikkim the 22nd State of the Union; Mrs. Indira Gandhi’s election set aside (June 12); Proclamaton of Emergency to ‘forestall internal disturbances (June 25).

1976The four Indian News Agencies merged into a single News Agency known as ‘Samachar’; INS Udaygiri, India’s Third leander-class frigate commissioned (Feb. 18); India-Sri Lanka boundary pact (signed on March 23) comes into force (May 10); India and Pakistan agree to restore diplomatic ties and reach accord on overflights, road and air-links (May 14); Krishna Waters Dispute Settled; Agreement reached in Delhi on establishment of a Non-Aligned News Pool (July); President’s assent to the 42nd Constitution (Amendment) Bill (Dec. 18).

1977Defeat of Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the election. Morarji Desai takes oath of office as Prime Minister of India (March 24); Internal and External emergencies withdrawn; freedom of the Press restored; Neelam Sanjiva Reddy sworn in as the sixth President of India (July 25).

Congress (I) recognised as the main opposition party in the Lok Sabha (April 12); Shah Commission holds Mrs. Indira Gandhi responsible for abuse of authority and misuse of power during the internal emergency (May 15); India launches world’s biggest adult literacy Plan (October 2nd).

Constitution Amendment 44th Bill gets President’s assent (April 30th); Hidayatullah sworn in as Vice-President (Aug. 31); Charan Singh quits Janata Party (July 16); President dissolves Sixth Lok Sabha and orders fresh elections (Aug. 22); Lok Dal formed (Sept. 26); Jai Prakash Narain dies in Patna (Oct. 8)

1980Mrs. Gandhi re-emerges as a dominant force, 22 member cabinet at Centre sworn in (Jan. 14); Bharat Ratna etc. Awards restored, 10 year extension of seat reservation for SCs and STs (Jan. 25); Grand view of solar eclipse (Feb. 16); 42nd Amendment struck down (May 9); Death of Sanjay Gandhi, Death of Ex-President V.V. Giri, India launches first Satellite using its own Satellite Launching Vehicle (July 18).

The 8th International Film Festival concluded in New Delhi (Jan. 17th); National Development Council approved the revised 6th Plan draft (Feb. 14); Launching of Rohini Satellite in Space (May 31st); Rohini burns up (June 9th); Congress (I) declared Indian National Congress (July 23rd).

1982Rajasahi Air Port Amritsar becomes International Airport (Jan. 3rd); The 21 member Indian scientific expedition headed by Dr. S.Z. Quasim lands on Antarctica (Jan. 9th); Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announces a redefined 20 point programme (Jan. 20); Accord on the purchase of 150 Mirage-2000 Jets by India from France signed in New Delhi (Feb. 6th); Insat-1A launched (April 10th); Election of President and Gyani Zail Singh elected as seventh President of India (July 12 and 15th); INSAT-1A shut off due to mechanical disorder (Sept. 6th); Former Chief Minister of Jammu-Kashmir Shaikh Abdullah died (Sept. 8th); India and France N-Fuel pact signed (Nov. 26); Ninth Asian Games held in New Delhi.

1983Rohini 560 rocket with a technological payload successfully launched from the Shri Harikota Range (Jan. 13); The 7th Non-Aligned Summit opens in New Delhi (March 7); India and France sign N. Fuel pact (March 23); Madras Atomic Power Project at Kalpakkam becomes critical (ready for use) (July 2); INSAT-1B launched into space (Aug. 30); India and West Germany conclude an agreement for the Supply of Spare parts for the Tarapur Atomic Power Plant (Nov. 2).

1984Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi dedicates INSAT-1 System to the nation (Feb. 11); Rakesh Sharma in space (April 2-11); Military action in Punjab (June 2); Assassination of Mrs. Indira Gandhi (Oct. 31); Rajiv Gandhi, new Prime Minister of India (Oct. 31); Bhopal Gas tragedy (Dec. 2); Fourth Expedition Party reaches Antarctica (Dec. 24-27); Rajiv Gandhi elected leader of the Congress Party and becomes Prime Minister (Dec. 31).

Anti Defection Bill passed by the Parliament unanimously, (Jan. 3); Punjab Accord (July 24); Assam Accord (Aug. 15); Akali Chief Sant H.S. Longowal, assassinated (Sep. 8).

Assassins of Smt. Indira Gandhi sentenced to death (Jan. 22); Lok Sabha passed Muslim Women Bill (May 6); Laldenga and Congress (I) sign pact on Mizoram (June 25); Bill making Mizoram State passed by the Parliament (Aug. 6); 2nd SAARC summit at Bangalore (Nov. 16); Arunachal Pradesh Statehood Bill approved by Parliament (Dec. 3); Death of Smita Patil (Dec. 13).

Former P. M. Charan Singh dead (May 29); Venkataraman assumes Presidency (July 25); Dr. S. D. Sharma assumes as Vice President (Sept. 3); Diwrala Sati episode (Sept. 4); Soviet Festival starts in New Delhi (Nov. 21); 3rd South Asian Federation Games in Calcutta (Nov. 21-26).

1988With the induction of the first Nuclear Sub-marine (INSChakra) India joins the N-mariline Club (Feb. 3); India’s first remote sensing satellite (IRS-1-A) launched from Russia (March 17); ‘Varun’ successfully completes its mission (April 15); INSAT-1C launched into space from French Guiana (July 22); Supreme Court confirms death penalty of Satwant Singh and Kehar Singh in Indira Gandhi murder case (Aug. 3); Lok Pal Ayukt Bill taken back (Dec. 6).

1989Kumbh started at Allahabad after an interval of 12 yrs. France Festival in India inaugurated (Feb. 3); Supreme Court decides the compensation amount for Bhopal gas victims (Feb. 14); Narora nuclear power station starts production (March 12); Thakkar Commission’s Report published (March 14); Death of Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna (March 17); Indo-Nepal Trade Treaty expired (March 23); Successful test of ‘Agni’ (May 22); Nhava Sheva port dedicated to the nation (May 26); Kudal Commission report published (Aug. 7); Prasar Bharti and Lok Pal Bills introduced in Parliament (Dec. 28).

1990A members of 9th expedition party to Antarctica died during mission (Jan. 9); Successful launch of INSAT-1D (June 12); V.P. Singh announced 27% reservation to Backward classes on the basis of Mandal Commission Report (Aug. 6); Successful test of ‘Akash’ (Aug. 14); Indian warship ‘Andman’ sank in Bay of Bengal (Aug. 21); Chandra Shekhar takes over as P.M. (Nov. 10).

P.V. Narsimha Rao became Prime Minister (June 21); Shiv Raj Patil of Cong. (I) elected Speaker of 10th Lok Sabha (July 10); IRS-1B launched from Baikanoor (Aug. 29); Earthquake in Garhwal of U.P. takes a heavy toll of life (Oct. 20); Karnataka ordinance on Cauvery Water held invalid by the Supreme Court (Nov. 22); Li Feng of China visits India (10-15 Dec.); Satyajit Ray got special Oscar Award (Dec. 16).

1992Rajoli Naval Air Station was commissioned in Madras (Mar. 11); Eighth Five Year Plan became operative (Apr. 1); R.K. Dorendra Singh was sworn in as Chief Minister of Manipur (Apr. 8), Indo-Turkmenistan trade pact signed (Apr. 20); Satyajit Ray died (Apr. 23); Kannad writer V.K. Gokak died (Apr. 28); ‘Prithvi’ launched (May 5), U.S.A. imposed sanctions on ISRO for 2 years (May 11); ASLV-D-3 launched (May 20); Successful test ‘Agni’ (May 29); INSAT-2A launched (July 9); Dr. S. D. Sharma took oath (July 25); K. R. Narayanan elected Vice President (Aug. 19); Test flights of ‘Lakshya’, the pilotless aircraft of India (Sept. 16, 17 and 21).

24th International Film Festival concluded (Jan. 10-20); Panchayati Raj Act effective (April 24); INSAT-2B was launched by Arian Rocket from French Guiana (July 23); Digvijay Singh became Chief Minister of M.P. (Dec. 6).

199425th International Film Festival in Calcutta (Jan. 10-20); G-15 Summit meet concluded in New Delhi (March 28-30); Kasturirangan became new ISRO chief (March 30); First heart plantation in the country (Aug. 3); P.S.L.V.-D-2 successfully launched (Oct. 15); Jharkhand Council Act passed (Dec. 20).

1995NAM and other developing countries Vth Labour conference (Jan. 19-23); J.B. Patnaik became Chief Minister in Orissa (March 15); Punjab C.M. Beant Singh assasinated (Aug. 31); Supreme Court included medical profession within consumer’s forum (Nov. 14); INSAT-2C successfully launched from Koru (French Guiana) (Dec. 7); IPS-IC launched (Dec. 28).

199627th International Film Festival (Jan. 10-21); Indo-Bhutan Agreements signed (March 4); P.S.L.V.-D3 successfully launched from Shri Harikota (March 21); A. B. Vajpayee was sworn in 10th Prime Minister of India (May 16); Mr. H.D. Deve Gowda was sworn in New Prime Minister of India, Former President of India Mr. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy passed away (June 1); Nag missile test successful (Aug. 9); in Gujarat Mehta Ministry dismissed, President’s rule imposed (Sept. 19); Rajindar Kaur Bhattal took over as first woman C.M. of Punjab (Nov. 21); India, Bangladesh sign Ganga Water Pact (Dec. 12), P.V. Narsimha Rao resigned from CPP leadership (Dec. 19).

1997Tejinder Khanna appointed the new Lieutenant Governor for Delhi (Jan. 1); 28th International film festival of India concluded in Thiruvananthapuram on Sunday (Jan. 19); Ms. Mayawati was sworn in as the Chief Minister of U.P. (March 21); Veteran leader and Ex Chief Minister of Orissa Biju Patnaik passed away (April 17); I.K. Gujral was sworn in as Prime Minister (April 21). INSAT-2D placed in orbit (June 4); Sukhoi 30K fighter inducted in Indian Air Force; 4th National Games concluded in Bangalore (June 11); K. R. Narayanan elected the new President of India (July 17); Laloo Prasad Yadav resigns and his wife Rabri Devi became New Chief Minister of Bihar (July 25); Krishan Kant elected Vice President (Aug. 26); Mother Teresa passed away in Calcutta (Sept. 5); Kalyan Singh took oath as U.P. Chief Minister (Sept. 21); Mr. Dilip Parikh was sworn in Chief Minister of Gujarat (Oct. 28); Mr. Bimal Jalan has been appointed the Governor of Reserve Bank of India (Nov. 23); Dr. C. Rangarajan took oath the Governor of Andhra Pradesh (Nov. 24); Lok Sabha dissolved (Dec. 4); The 17th Indian Antarctic expedition left Marmugao Harbour (Dec. 9); Nipamacha Singh sworn in as the new Chief Minister of Manipur (Dec. 16); Gujarat assembly dissolved (Dec. 25);

29th International Film Festival concluded in New Delhi (10–20 Jan.); Konkan Railway commissioned (Jan. 26); Death sentence for all 26 person for Rajiv Gandhi assassination (Jan. 28); Assam Governor rejects C.B.I. plea to prosecute Chief Minister of P.K. Mahanta (Feb. 5); U.P. Chief Minister Kalyan Singh wins the composite flour test (Feb. 26); Manik Sarkar sworn in Tripura Chief Minister (March 11); Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee sworn in as the Prime Minister (March 19); BJP wins trust vote in Himachal Pradesh (March 31); Kushabhau Thakre elected BJP Chief (April 14); India conducted three underground Nuclear tests (May 11); India conducted two more Nuclear tests (May 13), Rajasthan Governor Darbara Singh died (May 24); About 1000 people killed by cyclone in Gujarat (June 9); Mulayam and Laloo build New Front (June 24); Dr. Najma Haptullah is unanimously re-elected as deputy chairperson of the Rajya Sabha (July 9); P.M. introduced Lok Pal Bill in Lok Sabha (August 3); Prasar Bharati ordinance promulgated (August 29); President returned the recommendation of Union Cabinet to imposed the President rule in Bihar (Sept. 25); Adarsh Sen Anand took oath as the Chief Justice of India (Oct. 10); About 200 people killed in Punjab train accident; Luizhino Faleiro sworn in as the new Chief Minister of Goa (Nov. 26).

199930th International Film Festival of India concluded in Hyderabad (Jan. 10–20), India successfully launched its first commercial telecom satellite INSAT-2E from Kouru (April 3), Agni-II test fired successfully (April 11), Operation Vijai makes headway in Kargil (June 28), Sachin Tendulkar appointed captain of Indian Cricket Team (July 28), National Democratic Alliance secures clear majority (Oct. 8), Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee appointed PM (Oct. 11), India & UAE sign extradition treaty (Oct. 25), 11th Children’s Film Festival starts in Hyderabad (Nov. 14), Mumbai girl Yukta Mookhey is Miss World (Dec. 5).

The Kargil Committee submits its report (Jan. 7), 31st Indian International Film Festival (Jan. 10–20), New Population Policy announced (Feb. 15), U.S. President Bill Clinton’s visit to India (Mar. 19-20), India’s INSAT-3B launched from Kouru (Mar. 22), New EXIM–Policy 2000 announced (Mar. 31), India’s beauty Miss Lara Dutta declared ‘Miss Universe’ (May 13), President K.R. Narayan gives his assent to Bills relating to the creation of Uttaranchal, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand States (Aug. 28), Chhattisgarh becomes the 26th State of the Indian Union (Nov. 1), Uttaranchal becomes the 27th State (Nov. 9), Jharkhand becomes the 28th State of the Indian Union (Nov. 15).

2001Indigenously developed Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) successfully test flown (Jan. 4), India’s Agni-II missile successfully test fired (Jan. 17), General budget presented in the Lok Sabha by Finance Minister (Feb. 28), Manipur is placed under President’s rule (June 2), India and Russia jointly successfully test fire cruise missile-PJ-10 (June 12), Indo-Pak Summit at Agra (July 15-16), E-Postal Service of the Postal Department inaugurated (Aug. 2), Supreme Court declares the appointment of Jayalalitaa as Chief Minister as unconstitutional, Jayalalitaa resigns (Sept. 21), The three day warships joint exercise of India and France (Varun-01) concludes near Bombay Coast (Nov. 8–10), Terrorist attack on Indian Parliament (Dec. 13), POTO reissued in amended form (Dec. 30).

89th Session of Indian Science Congress in Lucknow (Jan. 3–7), Indo-US. MOU on environment (Jan. 16), INSAT-3C satellite launched on an Ariane rocket from Korou in French Guyana (Jan. 24), India’s ISRO successfully tests the newly indigenously developed cryogenic engine (Feb. 5), POTO passed in the joint sitting of Parliament (March 26), Manohar Joshi elected new Speaker of the Lok Sabha (May 10), Telugu Desham party’s annual session ‘Mahanadu’ (May 27–29), LCA test flown successfully (June 6), Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam declared elected as President of India (July 18), Bhairon Singh Shekhawat sworn in as Vice-President of India (Aug. 19), President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam gives his assent to the Electoral Reforms Ordinance (Aug. 24), India launches into space her meteorological satellite (METSAT) by using PSLV-C4 (Sept. 12), Supreme Court upholds national curriculum prepared by NCERT (Sept. 12), Draft Tenth Five Year Plan approved by the Planning Commission (Oct. 5), Militant attack on Raghunath temple in Jammu & Kashmir (Nov. 24), Vajpayee and Putin sign Delhi declaration (Dec. 4), Assembly elections in Gujarat (Dec. 12), Narendra Modi sworn in as Chief Minister of Gujarat (Dec. 22), 32nd National Games held at Hyderabad (Dec. 13–22), Delhi Metro Rail opened (Dec. 24), Prime Minister, Mr. Vajpayee inaugurates the Rashtriya Rail Vikas Yojana for Golden Quadilateral Network (Dec. 26).

2003Indian Science Congress meet inaugurated at Bangalore by the Prime Minister (Jan. 2), Central Government announces new Exim Policy for 2003-04 (Mar. 31), The Indian Parliament deplores USA’s unilateral attack on Iraq (April 8), Prime Minister Mr. Vajpayee’s China visit (June 22–27), National Conference breaks off with NDA (July 12); L.C.A. (Light Combat Aircraft) goes supersonic (Aug. 1), Government of India decides to purchase Advanced Jet Trainer Aircrafts Hawks from Britain (Sept. 3), India successfully launches into space its communication satellite INSAT-3E (Sept. 28), India’s 34th International Film Festival (IFFI-2003) held in New Delhi (Oct. 9–19), India organises first Afro-Asian Games in Hyderabad (Oct. 24–Nov. 1), India’s 23rd International Trade Fair in New Delhi (Nov. 14–27), Ceasefire on India-Pak border (Nov. 25), India and Brazil sign pact on defence ties (Dec. 1), Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2003 paving the way for double citizenship to the NRIs passed by Parliament (Dec. 22).

‘Bhisma’ the first indigenously assembled T-90 main battle tank handed over to the army (Jan. 7), India and Brazil sign space cooperation agreement (Jan. 25), India and Brazil agree to support each other’s candidature for permanent membership of UN Security Council (Jan. 27), Parliamentary elections to the 14th Lok Sabha (April 20–May 10), Dr. Manmohan Singh is sworn-in as the Prime Minister of India (May 22), Railway Budget introduced in the Lok Sabha (July 6), The Finance Minister presents Central Budget in the Lok Sabha (July 8), Dhananjaya Chatterjee, the accused for rape and murder hanged to death (Aug. 14), Elections to the Maharashtra Assembly (Oct. 13), South India, alongwith several countries of South Asia struck by earthquake triggered Tsunami tidal waves, thousands perish (Dec. 26).

(Pravasi Bharti) the third NRI conference held in Mumbai (Jan. 7–9), Sania Mirza becomes India’s first woman to win WTA Tennis title (Feb. 12), National Rural Health Mission launched (April 12), Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh constitutes National Knowledge Commission under the Chairmanship of Sam Pitroda (June 3), The Setu Samudram Project launched by the Prime Minister (July 2), National Disaster Management Authority constituted (July 15), Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh’s address at the United Nations (Sept. 15), Right to Information Act, 2005 comes into force (Oct. 12), Justice Y. K. Sabbharwal takes over as the new Chief Justice of India (Nov. 1), National Democratic Alliance (NDA) triumphs in Bihar Assembly Elections, Mr. Nitish Kumar takes over as Bihar Chief Minister (Nov. 24), India’s heaviest yet satellite INSAT-4A launched from Kourou Space Centre in French Guiana (Dec. 22).

Union Finance Minister Mr. P. Chidambaram presents Central Budget 2006-07 in the Lok Sabha (Feb. 28), Indo-US Nuclear Deal signed (March 2), Bangalore Metro Rail, MOU signed with Japanese bank (March 31), Film music celebrity composer Naushad Ali passes away (May 5), Ms. Sonia Gandhi is re-elected from Raebareilly (May 11), President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam addressed Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly (July 17), 6th Pay Commission set up for Central Government employees (July 20), Former External Affairs Minister, Mr. Natwar Singh gives privilege notice against P.M. for leaking Pathak Committee report before it being presented in Parliament (Aug. 6), The Doordarshan starts Urdu channel (Aug. 15), India celebrates 100 years of adoption of ‘Vandemataram’ as National Song (Sept. 7), Nirupama Rao is named for next envoy of China (Sept. 27), India’s 37th International Film Festival comes to a close (Dec. 3), Uttaranchal to be renamed Uttarakhand, the Bill passed by Parliament (Dec. 7), Railway Minister Lalu Yadav and his wife and former Chief Minister, Mrs. Rabri Devi acquitted by Patna Court in disproportionate wealth case (Dec. 18).

2007India launches Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLVC7) majestically took off at 9•23 a.m. on 10th January, 2007 from its beachside launch pad at Shriharikota and injects four satellites (Jan. 10), Foundation laid in Raebareilly for the manufacture of passenger rail coaches (Feb. 13), Rail Budget presented in the Lok Sabha by Railway Minister Mr. Lalu Prasad Yadav (Feb. 26), General Budget presented in the Lok Sabha by Finance Minister, P. Chidambaram (Feb. 28), Environment Minister A. Raja is made the new communication and Information Technology Minister in place of Dayanidhi Maran (May 15), S. Gopalakrishnan takes over as CEO of Infosys Technologies Ltd. (June 22), President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam launches E-courts project for computerisation of courts for improvement of justice delivery system (July 9), Pratibha Patil is sworn-in as the President of India (July 25), Mohammad Hamid Ansari is swornin as Vice-President of India (Aug. 11), Union Tourism and Culture Minister Ambika Soni inaugurates the Travel and Tourism Fair at Kolkata (Aug. 18), India launches its biggest rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, GSLV-FO4 carrying communication satellite INSAT-4CR (Sept. 2), Indian Cricket Team wins ICC Twenty-20 World Cup (Sept. 24), Former U. P. Chief Secretary Akhand Pratap Singh arrested in a disproportionate assets case four years after his retirement in 2003 (Sept. 25), The Information Act will not apply to judicial proceedings, says the Central Information Commission (Sept. 26), B. S. Yeddyurappa is sworn-in as new Chief Minister of Karnataka (Nov. 12), Narendra Modi is sworn-in as Chief Minister of Gujarat for the third time (Dec. 25).

2008India, Pakistan exchange lists of nuclear facilities (Jan. 1), ISRO launched Israeli Satellite Polaris by a core-alone configuration of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) (Jan. 21), Union Finance Minister Mr. P. Chidambaram presents Central Budget 2008-2009 in Lok Sabha (Feb. 29), Muslim Women Board unveils new Nikahnama (March 16), To ensure that girls belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) continue their education after class VIIIth, the centre has launched on incentive scheme from his academic year (2008-09) (July 16), M. S. Dhoni to get Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award for the year 2007 (Aug. 4), South Africa Land Reform Bill shelved (Aug. 27), Indo-US Civil Nuclear Deal signed (Oct. 11), Train Service in Kashmir Valley inaugurated (Oct. 12), Meeting of the National Integration Council (Oct. 13), India’s first Moon Mission Chandrayaan-1 launched successfully (Oct. 21), The Union Government decides to declare the Ganga as National River (Nov. 4), Moon Impact Probe (MIP) sent on board India’s first moon mission Chandrayaan-1 lands on the surface of the moon (Nov. 14), Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s visit to India (Nov. 17–20), Terror wreaks havoc in Mumbai about 200 killed and many more injured (Nov. 26-27), Shiv Raj Patil, Home Minister of India resigns owning moral responsibility for Mumbai terrorist attack (Nov. 30), India-Russia sign mega uranium deal (Dec. 5), Chandra Kochhar appointed ICICI Bank’s CEO (Dec. 19).

A. R. Rahman became the first Indian to win the Golden Globe for best Original Music Score with ‘Jai Ho’ (Jan. 13), The President of Republic of Kazakhastan Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev was the chief guest at the 60th Republic Day Parade 2009 (Jan. 26), India signs nuclear pact with France from Areva (Feb. 4), The BCCI President Shashank Manohar presented the C.K. Nayudu Award for Lifetime Achievement to batting maestro Gundappa Viswanath for the year 2007-08 (Feb. 18), India launches surveillance satellite (April 20), Dr. Manmohan Singh sworn in as Prime Minister of India (May 22), Pradeep Vasant Naik takes over as Indian Air Force (IAF) Chief (June 1), Meira Kumar elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha (June 3), Karia Munda elected Dy. Speaker of the Lok Sabha (June 8), India beat West Indies in First ODI Series at Kingston (Jamaica) (June 27), Army Chief inaugurates Defence Journalism Course (July 14), Nandan Nilekani takes over as Unique Identification Authority Chief (July 23), Dr. C. Rangarajan is appointed as head of Economic Advisory Council (Aug. 12).


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